During the 40 weeks of pregnancy you will have to be more careful with your diet than at other stages of your life. Pregnant women can transmit certain diseases or infections to their children through food.
In addition, everything you eat will help the development and growth of the baby and all the deficiencies in your diet during pregnancy, will therefore be accused by the baby. This feeding guide during pregnancy It will help you know what to eat and what foods to avoid during pregnancy.
As a rule, always maintain extreme hygiene with the food you eat. Wash all the food products well, clean the kitchen and utensils well and if you are not sure of the good condition of some products, throw them away.
In your pregnancy diet guide, you should follow a balanced, varied and nutrient-rich diet that is divided into five groups: carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins and minerals.
- Carbohydrates must make up half of the food you eat a day: cereals, rice, bread or pasta.
- Proteins they are present in lean meats, fish or eggs.
- The fats: You should not abuse them but do not eliminate them since some such as olive oil or omega3 acids are good for the neurological development of the baby.
- Vitamins: the gynecologist will prescribe a multivitamin supplement to guarantee the necessary contribution, but a good habit throughout pregnancy is to take fruit daily.
- Minerals: iron, zinc or potassium are highly recommended minerals during pregnancy. Iron is necessary for the production of red blood cells, a deficiency will generate anemia and will be treated by the obstetrician with a supplement.
During pregnancy there are foods that are harmful to the baby and that you should not include in your pregnancy feeding guide:
- Raw or rare meats. Meat and fish must be well cooked so that you can eat them. Therefore, you should also avoid cold cuts and patés.
- Fish with a high level of mercury: swordfish, tuna or shark have high concentrations of mercury and can cause harm to the baby.
- Unpasteurized dairy: The dairy products you consume have had to undergo a heating process to kill germs and bacteria called pasteurization, otherwise they could contain a bacteria called listeria that could be detrimental to the proper development of the baby.
- Alcohol is totally contraindicated during pregnancy as it affects the neuronal development of the baby.
Lastly, the eating guide for pregnant women recommends not taking too much caffeine. You can consume caffeine in small amounts, however, there are studies that confirm that an excess of caffeine in pregnancy interferes with the growth of the fetus. You can have a couple of coffees a day or a soda but remember that caffeine is also present in some medications and in chocolate.
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