Within a sentence, and whenever there is an action, there is a verb. Precisely the verb is the word that indicates an action, which can be in the present (something that happens now), in the past (something that has already happened) or in the future (something that will happen).
But verbs are more complex than we think. They can be regular, irregular ... how to explain this to children?
- The regular verbs they are the ones who keep the root and take the endings of their conjugation: 'Elena sings very well'.
- Irregular verbs are those that when conjugated vary the root or the endings of the conjugation: 'I drove a new car, you drove an old one' or 'I fit in the box, you fit in the closet'.
- Simple shapes They are made up of a single word: 'He ate, played, I will run, etc. Compound forms are made up of two words, one from the auxiliary verb and the other from the conjugated verb: 'Today we played ball' or 'She had left when they got home'.
- Auxiliary verbs they are those that explain the action carried out by the main verb and there are three: ser, estar and haber.
The impersonal forms of the verb are infinitive, gerund and participle.
- Infinitive: is the way verbs are identified, it just names the action. They end in ar, er, go and lack a person. For example: Singing, dancing, running, living, eating, etc.
- Gerund: expresses the action as if it were being carried out, and is formed with the root + ando if it is a verb of the first conjugation, and root + iendo if it is from the second or third conjugation, and the root + going. For example: 'I'm talking to Paula', 'they are eating in a restaurant', 'we are leaving the house', 'Jorge was listening to the music'.
- Participle: expresses the action when it has concluded and is formed with the root + ado if the verb is from the first conjugation, and root + gone, if the verb ends in er or ir, that is, from the second or third conjugation. Examples: 'You have arrived at the scheduled time', 'I have eaten a lot of fruit', 'We have left home early'.
The different voices of the verb are:
- Active voice: it is when the subject performs the action ('Jaime played ball').
- Passive voice: it is when the subject receives the action of the verb ('The ball was bounced by Jaime').
You can read more articles similar to How to explain what verbs are to children, in the On-site Learning category.