The parents of babies with constipation They should control the baby's stools and, in case of doubt, consult with the pediatrician. There is no exact formula for bowel movements or schedules to establish that a baby is constipated. A baby may have a bowel movement after every meal or allow a day or more to pass between each bowel movement.
Your individual behavior pattern will depend on the food you eat and drink, how active you are, and how quickly you digest the food and get rid of stool. It should be borne in mind that babies fed exclusively with breast milk may go one day without going to the womb without this meaning that they have constipation.
A baby is constipated when, when observing the routine of his bowel movements, we see that they are less frequent than normal in him, that the stools are hard and dry, and that he has great difficulty doing them, whatever the frequency. Treatment for baby constipation requires following some guidelines. It is usually effective:
- Get him to exercise. If the baby is already crawling, try to encourage him to move from side to side. If he is still not crawling, try to get him to move his legs up and down. When he is lying on his back, gently move his legs forward in a circular motion as if he were pedaling a bicycle. - Give her a tummy massage. Below the navel, about three fingers apart, apply gentle but firm pressure with your fingertips to properly massage the baby. Press until firm or dough is felt. Maintain that gentle, but steady pressure for about three minutes.
- Bathe him with warm water. The baby will feel relaxed after a warm water bath and intestinal transit will be favored.
- Change milk brand. If the baby is fed with formula milk then, and is constipated, ask the pediatrician if you can change brands. There are formulas specially designed to help the intestinal tract.
- Change the cereal, from rice to barley or oatmeal, or add pureed fruits or vegetables to your usual cereal (when the baby is ripe for it).
- Add bran. Once the baby already eats several solid foods, consult with the pediatrician if you can increase the fiber consumption by adding a teaspoon of bran to his usual cereal.
- Reduce foods that promote constipation such as cooked rice, bananas, and carrots, and try mixing your cereal with a little apple or prune juice, or a few tablespoons of plum, apricot, or pear puree to stimulate bowel movements. - Give him enough water. If the baby does not get enough fluids, he will become dehydrated and his system will react by absorbing more fluid from all the food and fluids he eats, as well as the stool that is in his intestines. Consequently, you will make hard and dry stools with difficulty to pass. Increase the amount of fluid your baby drinks to help keep his stools soft. If the baby is more than 2 months old, start by giving him 30 ml of prune juice diluted in 30 ml of water, twice a day. As your constipation begins to improve, reduce it. Consult first with the pediatrician, if the baby is only 2 months or younger.
- Apply aloe vera lotion. If the baby is passing hard, dry stools that damage the delicate skin around the opening of the anus (you will see small lesions called abrasions or a little blood), apply aloe vera lotion to the area to help it heal. Don't forget to mention this to your pediatrician.
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