In an attempt to find the best for their future child, mothers find themselves in the position of having to differentiate the truth from the myth when it comes to eating during pregnancy.
And there are many false beliefs related to the diet that the pregnant woman must follow. In Guiainfantil.com we break those myths.
1- You have to eat for two. It is true that during pregnancy the mother feeds the fetus, and it is the nutrients that the mother provides through her diet that make the fetus grow and develop normally. However, the nutritional needs are not so high that you need to eat twice as many of the essential nutrients, not even in terms of calories. Calcium and iron requirements, for example, are increased to support bone growth and formation, and increased blood volume, respectively. Caloric calories are only minimally increased and only in the third trimester.
2- A vegetarian diet is impossible during pregnancy. Although it is complicated given the extra requirement of iron and the ease of obtaining it from red meat, it is possible to follow a vegetarian diet and provide all the necessary iron from plant sources, although extra work is required when preparing the menus.
3- Coffee is prohibited. Caffeine is a stimulant, and although it has traditionally been recommended to avoid it altogether, the latest research sets 2 cups of coffee a day as a safe limit. Being rigorous, caffeine is unhealthy, so this claim is not entirely a myth. In contrast, the absence of caffeine in an organism that is used to receiving it on a regular basis, resembles a withdrawal syndrome, this being more stressful for both fetus and pregnant woman, than the consumption of caffeine itself.
4- Cravings are whims. It seems proven that cravings are the body's way of obtaining nutrients that it lacks at that time, always within a reasonable sense, since they should not be used as an excuse to eat in excess or in an unhealthy way.
5- The consumption of nuts during pregnancy increases the chances of allergy in the baby. The studies that have been carried out in this regard have concluded that there is no relationship between the two events, so there is no need to avoid them.
6- Fish should be avoided. This is not entirely true, as only raw fish and fish high in mercury, such as swordfish, should be avoided. It is recommended to consume fish at least a couple of times a week, since its fatty acids are very useful for the development of the baby's brain.
7- Only organic food should be eaten. Although organic farming and ranching are a way to reduce exposure to both antibiotic-resistant bacteria and chemicals, their consumption is not essential.
8- Enriched foods should be consumed. A balanced diet ensures an optimal supply of essential nutrients, so enriched or fortified foods do not have to be necessary.
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