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Through language, the baby expresses feelings and ideas to us. When they are younger they use gesture language, pointing out what they want, and sometimes they accompany it with a babble or a word. The child will acquire language throughout childhood.
They are not capable of saying a word, but they can already communicate with us, they know how to express themselves from birth; first crying, and little by little, with sounds and emissions. When they are a little older, babies begin to use sign language And in other cases, we can also help them communicate using sign language.
- Of 0 to 6 months, Babies make sounds that are the foundation of language. During this stage, the best advice for parents is to talk to them and start taking turns speaking, so when we talk to him he will listen to us and when we shut up he will start making sounds.
- Of 6 to 9 months, they already have a clear repertoire of sounds (baba, nana, gaga…). At this time they begin to assimilate the specific sounds of their language, and around 8 months they begin to learn words.
- Of 9 to 12 months, Babies continue babbling and say a word, respond to their name, and understand simple commands. Around a year, the baby will use about three meaningful words.
- Of 12 to 18 months they say about three words, and they recognize body parts and know their name. Around 14 months they will start repeating words they hear, and they will start with 'NO'. They understand about 200 words.
- Of 24 to 30 months, do not shut up !! They speak most of the time and build sentences of up to four words.
- Of 30 months to 3 years They understand almost everything that is said to them, they interact with adults, they love to ask why?
It must be taken into account that each child has its own maturational development and not all evolve the same.
At the beginning, the language is very limited, since its first words refer to themes familiar to the child, related to their closest environment 'mom', 'dad', 'water'; little by little, you will begin to have a larger vocabulary.
It should also be borne in mind that the child not only communicates verbally, they are also natural gesticulators. For example, when they want to carry them, they raise their arms so that we can hold them, if they don't want something, they say it with their finger, if they want to show us something they point it out to us ...
We must stimulate the acquisition of language from a very young age, since they are sponges and will learn what we show them. It will be good for them:
- Talk to them and tell them what you do, even if they are very young
- Sing songs and read stories
- Establish eye contact when we talk to them
- Accompany your words of gestures
- Change the tone of voice
- Praise him when he says something right
- Take advantage when you play with him to teach him new vocabulary (colors, animals ...)
- Teach him animal onomatopoeias
You can read more articles similar to How to stimulate babbling and language acquisition in your baby, in the category of on-site infant stimulation.