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There are fewer and fewer of us
It is estimated that in 2012 around 390,000 people were born. For over 20 years, the period called birth depression has been going on. This means that the low birth rate does not guarantee a simple generation replacement. The birth rate still remains at 1.3 (i.e. for 100 women aged 15-49 there were 130 children born). For the so-called demographic security, this figure would have to be from 2.1 to 2.15.
Children are most often born in the first three years of marriage
The fertility rate of women is significantly determined in Poland the number of marriages. In recent years, approximately 80% of children were born in families formed by legally contracted marriages, wherein almost half of them were born during the first three years of their parents' marriage. However, the percentage of extra-marital births is systematically growing. In the early 1990s, about 6-7% of children were born from marriages, and in recent years - 17-20%. This percentage is higher in cities - in 2011 it was over 23%, while in the countryside - less than 18%. The growing fertility rate outside marriage can mean that the number of families formed by informal relationships is increasing, as well as the number of single mothers.
Number of marriages concluded
It is estimated that in 2012, about 204 thousand new marriages, i.e. by nearly 3,000 less than a year ago. The number of newly contracted marriages decreased in the fourth year in turn, after increasing in 2005-2008. An unfavorable trend in the number of newly married couples will certainly have an impact on reducing the number of births in subsequent years. The marriage rate was at a level similar to the one recorded a year ago and amounted to approx. 5.3 ‰.
The frequency of marriages in cities and in the countryside is similar. Religious marriages (i.e., concluded in churches and registered at the same time in civil status offices) in 2011 constituted approx. 65% of legally concluded unions (in the countryside - nearly 75% of all unions). Invariably among newly formed relationships approximately 84% are first marriages, i.e. brides with bachelors (in the countryside - approx. 90%). The age of newlyweds has definitely increased in recent years. In 2011, the median age of a married man was 28 years, i.e. more than 2 years more than in 2000, and women - 26 years, i.e. also more than 2 years more. At the end of 2011, there were 9,109 thousand in Poland. marriages. Since 2008, their number has been increasing, i.e. each year the number of newly contracted marriages is higher than the number of terminated marriages (as a result of death or divorce).