School-age child

Type 2 diabetes in children - how does it develop, what symptoms does it give? Who is exposed


Diabetes is one of the most important and dangerous civilization diseases. Children are also falling more and more often. Half struggles with type 1 diabetes, the other half with non-insulin-dependent diabetes, i.e. type 2 diabetes. Most often, type 2 diabetes is diagnosed in obese children. Its occurrence, unlike type 1 diabetes, is affected unhealthy lifestyle. How does type 2 diabetes appear in children and how to treat it?

What's the problem? Type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is a serious diseasewhich manifests itself either in insufficient insulin production or inability to use it efficiently. Consequently blood sugar level increases which is very bad for the whole body. Instead of entering the tissues, providing them with the energy they need to function, sugar accumulates dangerously in the blood, which leads to hyperglycemia.

How is type 2 diabetes diagnosed?

Type 1 and type 2 diabetes is based on elevated blood sugar levels above normal. Performing a blood glucose test allows, if necessary, to extend the diagnosis and diagnose diabetes.

Type 2 diabetes does not always give symptoms

Type 2 diabetes does not always give symptoms. It can grow unnoticed for years. Symptoms of the disease appear gradually, at first the symptoms are insignificant, easy to downplay, with time they increase. The most important warning signals would include:

  • increased urine output, frequent visits to the toilet,
  • constant thirst and constant need for drinking,
  • dry mouth
  • feeling tired, daytime sleepiness, apathy, lack of energy,
  • constant feeling of hunger while losing weight,
  • frequent urinary tract and skin infections, impaired wound healing.

How does type 2 diabetes develop in children?

The mechanism of type 2 diabetes in children is different from that of type 1 diabetes. In type 2 diabetes, the child's body is able to produce insulin, but the body stops responding to this hormone correctly, and there is a problem with insulin resistance. Blood sugar does not drop, the pancreas gets a signal to produce even more insulin, but it doesn't really help. As a consequence, this body is overloaded so much that it cannot produce enough insulin.

However, not all children with insulin resistance will develop diabetes. Genetic propensities for the onset of the disease are of great importance.

Who will get type 2 diabetes?

  • between 40 and 80% of children with type 2 diabetes have at least one parent with this condition,
  • type 2 diabetes develops primarily in overweight children, which is why it is so important to care for a healthy body weight,
  • insufficient physical activity and a lack of a daily portion of healthy movement are conducive to the disease,
  • Adolescents are particularly vulnerable to the development of diabetes

Type 2 diabetes in children - are you in doubt? Do the research!

Do you suspect your child may have diabetes? Don't be afraid to go to the doctor and do the tests. This very important early diagnosis avoids the serious consequences of an untreated disease. All you have to do is order fasting glucose levels. It's a simple and quick test.