Pregnancy / Childbirth

Ovarian cysts and pregnancy

Ovarian cysts and pregnancy


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Ovarian cysts are located in the ovary bubbles with liquid. Sometimes they place themselves outside the ovary, less often also on the fallopian tube. These are usually mild, small changes that disappear within a few cycles.

Only sometimes they grow to a few centimeters and are not absorbed, despite treatment. However, in this case they do not have to suggest problems with getting pregnant. It also happens that the cyst changes the anatomical conditions to such an extent that it is impossible to become pregnant until the lesion is removed.

How are cysts formed?

Ovarian cysts may appear both yet before pregnancy and at the beginning of pregnancy. In the first and second cases they are sign of hormonal changes occurring in the body. They usually do not grow and disappear on their own. Only sometimes they accompany a woman throughout the whole pregnancy.

The inside of the cyst can fill up fluid, plasma, blood, pus and discharge. Depending on what is inside the cyst, different types of lesions are distinguished and specific treatment is recommended.

Do cysts hurt?

Each woman may have different experiences in this area. There are cysts that do not cause any symptoms, do not cause discomfort, do not change the nature of menstruation, and are only detected during routine ultrasound. To most objectively assess the size of the cyst (which may change its size during the menstrual cycle), it is recommended to perform the test on the 5-6th day of the menstrual cycle, immediately after the monthly bleeding.

There are also cysts that cause discomfort, pain during menstruation. Sometimes they are the cause of spotting or heavy and prolonged monthly bleeding.

What cysts can cause pregnancy?

Getting pregnant can be hampered by cysts filled with oil and those prone to grow. Increased cysts can cause adhesions and cause obstruction of the fallopian tubes, preventing fertilization.
There is also a risk of cyst torsion, resulting in tremendous pain and the need for immediate surgery to save not only health, but even the life of a woman.

On the next page, about when you can count on the cyst to disappear by itself and when the lesion should be surgically removed.